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Shemot (Names)
(Sefer Shemot) Exodus 1:1-6:1

1:7- “And the children of Yisrael were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed
exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.
11- Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses.
12- But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Yisrael.
3:1- Now Moshe kept the flock of Yitro his father-in-law, the kohain of Midian: and he led the flock to the
backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of Elohim, even to Chorev.
2- And the angel of YHVH appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he
looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.
4- And when YHVH saw that he turned aside to see, Elohim called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moshe, Moshe. And he said, Here am I.
6- Moreover He said, I am the Elohim of thy father, the Elohim of Avraham, the Elohim of Yitzchak, and the Elohim of Yaakov. And Moshe hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon Elohim.
7- And YHVH said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows;
8- And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites and the Jebusites.
3:13- And Moshe said unto Elohim, Behold, when I come unto the children of Yisrael, and shall say unto them, The Elohim of your fathers has sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What is His name? What shall I say unto them?
14- And Elohim said unto Moshe, I AM THAT I AM (I WILL BE WHO I WILL BE): and He said, Thus shall
thou say unto the children of Yisrael, I AM has sent me unto you.
15- And Elohim said moreover unto Moshe, Thus shall thou say unto the children of Yisrael, YHVH Elohim of your fathers, the Elohim of Avraham, the Elohim of Yitzchak, and the Elohim of Yaakov, has sent me unto you: this is My name for ever, and this is My memorial unto all generations.
4:31- And the people believed: and when they heard that YHVH had visited the children of Israel, and that He had looked upon their affliction, then they bowed their heads and worshipped.
5:1- And afterward Moses and Aharon went in, and told Pharaoh, Thus says YHVH Elohim of Yisrael, Let My people go, that they may hold a feast unto Me in the wilderness.
5:2- And Pharaoh said, Who is YHVH, that I should obey his voice to let Yisrael go? I know not YHVH, neither will I let Israel go.
5:3- And they said, The Elohim of the Evrim has met with us: let us go, please three days' journey into the desert and sacrifice unto YHVH our Elohim; lest He fall upon us with pestilence, or with the sword.”


“And when we cried unto YHVH the Elohim of our fathers, YHVH heard our voice, and looked on
our affliction, and our labor, and our oppression.”
(Deuteronomy 26:7)

“In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them: in his love and
in his pity he redeemed them; and he bore them, and carried them all the days of old.”
(Isaiah 63:9)

“Blessed be he that comes in the name of YHVH: we have blessed you out of the house of YHVH.”
(Psalms 118:26)

“Who is among you that fears YHVH, that obeys the voice of his servant, that walks in darkness,
and has no light? let him trust in the name of YHVH, and lean upon his Elohim.”
(Isaiah 50:10)

“Make us glad according to the days wherein thou has afflicted us, and the years wherein we
have seen evil. Let thy work appear unto thy servants, and thy glory unto their children.”
(Psalms 90:15-16)

“The name of YHVH is a strong tower: the righteous runs into it, and is safe.”
(Proverbs 18:10)

Shemot Summary:
1. The Names of Compassion and Deliverance:

In times of affliction, when suffering under circumstances that appear inescapable, we must never forget the Name of YHVH. In parasha Shemot, HaShem responds according to His name, hearing the cries from His covenant people by reason of their affliction, and prepares Moshe to introduce His great compassion and mighty deliverance. In an artfully designed plan, HaShem using the foreshadowed ark of Noach, directs His foreknown prophet out of house of unredeemed slaves, down the river of “chance” and back to the courts where Yosef once ruled. While the life of Moshe embodies deliverance, realizing it from birth, being the instrument to rescue a nation, and even possessing this calling in his name, the characteristic of compassion, would become the catalyst for drawing a line in the sand between him and Pharaoh. After delivering a fellow Hebrew from an Egyptian taskmaster, his compassion not only drove him out of Egypt, but also prompted him to defend the daughters of Yitro, finding himself positioned for a holy encounter at the mount of Elohim. For it was at Chorev, where Moshe, attracted by that burning bush, did “turn aside” to see, only to then hear from the One Who was the source of his compassion and deliverance. There he would learn of the Name of HaShem as a manifestation of His essence; indeed, it was advantageous to know the Name of Elohim as one bringing deliverance as declared in Psalms 91:14:
“Because he has set his love upon Me, therefore will I deliver him: I will set him on high, because
he has known My name.”
It was compassion, which moved HaShem, and it was their deliverance from bondage, which the people were desperate to experience. So it was that HaShem identified these two attributes to Moshe in their initial meeting. As it is written, “for I know their sorrows...and I am come down to deliver them.” This facet of HaShem’s nature like innumerable other qualities are addressed within the Name; yet, here alone, inTorah do we learn the extension of that Name. When inquiring about Elohim’s name, Moshe is told, “ Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh” (I WILL BE WHO I WILL BE); tell them, “Ehyeh has sent me.”
What do we need Elohim to be for us? Do we not need compassion leading to our deliverance as well? For the sake of the Covenant HaShem has declared that He will be what we need him to be. May we cry out to Him who has the power to save us. Joel 2:32 urges us to call on the name, namely:
“And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of YHVH shall be delivered:
for in mount Tzion and in Yerushalayim shall be deliverance, as YHVH has said, and in the
remnant whom YHVH shall call.”

2. Called by His Name, Reflecting His Nature:
With the blessing of being called by the Divine Name and recognizing the limitlessness of His Divine Nature, there comes the sobering reality of responsibility. The Name by which we are called is no mere force to be manipulated freely for our own indulgence, but rather it must be sanctified in our lives. Even as we call out to HaShem in our afflictions, we are likewise called to reflect His essence. Reinforcing the 3rd Commandment, Leviticus 19:12 warns us against using the Name in hypocrisy:
“And ye shall not swear by My name falsely, neither shall thou profane the name of thy Elohim:
I am YHVH.”
While the volatility of His Name is not to be casually treated, Deuteronomy 28:10 reminds us that as we identify with the HaShem, His Name will undoubtedly bring our deliverance, as it is written:
“And all people of the earth shall see that thou art called by the name of YHVH; and they shall
be afraid of thee.”


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